Ozone is a colorless gas that has an odor similar to the smell of the air after a major thunderstorm. The oxygen we breathe (O2) is made up of two oxygen atoms that naturally bind to each other and are very stable. Ozone gas (O3) has three oxygen atoms which consist of a stable pair of (O2) atoms and a third very unstable atom. It is this unstable atom that gives ozone its exceptional power.
Ozone is generated when energy “splits” the stable O2 bond into individual atoms. Once the oxygen atom bond has been broken, the single oxygen atoms try to re-bond or revert to their natural state of O2. During this natural occurrence, three oxygen atoms may temporarily bond together making O3 gas. We say temporarily because as previously mentioned, ozone is very unstable, always wanting to shed the third atom and revert to its natural state of O2. Ozone will degrade over a time frame ranging from a few seconds to 30 minutes. The rate of degradation is a function of water chemistry, pH, and water temperature leaving no chemical residuals behind, only greater levels of dissolved oxygen.
One common method to “split” or break the bond of the O2 atoms is by passing dry, clean air through a high voltage electric field which is known as corona discharge (just like lightning strikes). Once we have generated ozone gas, we utilize a method called a venturi which creates a vacuum pulling the ozone gas into the raw water.
Ozone is a fast-acting powerful germicidal agent, far more powerful than peroxide, chlorine, chloramines, or chlorine dioxide, and capable of rapidly neutralizing bacteria, viruses, fungi, mildew, and other organisms, from water all without toxic compounds or leaving harmful residues. Ozone is also an extremely powerful oxidizer, far more efficient than many chemical processes currently used. Ozone will precipitate out of solution many minerals, heavy metals, and organic or chemical compounds with a short reaction time.